November 3 – NASA Launches Mariner 10 And More

History is something that illuminates the culture and its origin. It also forecasts the awareness and how and when everything evolved and fell into place. It not only helps us trace the origins of the past but also helps us understand it better which leads to an understanding of the present more desirably. We, at Brag Social, try to keep you updated with the happening of past and present through our today column. Let us now read the historical milestones of November 3.

1507 – Leonardo da Vinci is commissioned to paint Lisa Gherardini (“Mona Lisa”)

Leonardo da Vinci, one of the greatest painters of all time, commenced the painting of Mona Lisa in 1503. Working on it for almost 4 years, on November 3, 1507, the painting was commissioned. However, the lady in the painting is shrouded in mystery. Researchers say that the portrait was painted due to either of the two reasons – when Francesco del Giocondo and his wife bought their own house in 1503, or when their second son was born. Later the painting was sold to the king of France and was moved to the Louvre after the French revolution.

1838 The Times of India issued as The Bombay Times and Journal of Commerce

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On 3rd November 1838, The Times of India, the world’s largest circulated English Language daily broadsheet newspaper, issued the first edition as The Bombay Times and Journal of Commerce. Under the direction of Raobahadur Narayan Dinanath Velkar, the paper was published on Wednesdays and Saturdays. The first editor for the paper was J.E. Brennan and contained news covering Britain and the world, along with news of the Indian Subcontinent. From 1850 onwards, the newspaper started publishing daily editions as well.






1892 – First automatic telephone exchange goes into operation in La Porte, Indiana.

The Strowger Automatic Telephone Exchange Company was founded in 1891 to invent an automatic telephone exchange after having difficulties with the local telephone operators. The first commercial exchange was installed and opened by the company in La Porte, Indiana on November 3, 1892. With about 75 subscribers and a capacity for 99, the company used two telegraph type keys on the telephone. Later, Strowger Automatic Telephone Exchange Company became the Automatic Electric Company and is now known as step-by-step switch due to its operational characteristics.


1896 – Martha Hughes Cannon of Utah elected 1st female state senator in the US

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On 3rd November 1896, Martha Hughes Cannon was elected the first female state senator in the US. Martha Hughes Cannon is from Utah and won the Ballot by defeating her husband. She attended the University of Michigan and was also the author of Utah sanitation laws. Apart from this, she was a founder and member of Utah’s first State Board of Health as well. Cannon worked as a doctor and fought for women’s rights by putting women enfranchisement into Utah’s constitution. The constitution was granted statehood in 1896.



1973 – NASA launches Mariner 10, the first probe to reach Mercury.

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Launched by NASAs Kennedy Space Centre, Mariner 10 became the first spacecraft to use gravity assist. On 3rd November 1973, the space probe was set in motion to closely observe the planet Venus. Three months after it’s launch, the spacecraft changed its speed and trajectory and flew by Venus. In March 1974, the spacecraft entered into Mercury’s orbit. The prime objective of the spacecraft was to study the atmospheric, surface and physical characteristics of Venus and Mercury via its scientific instruments.

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