November 17- Queen Elizabeth ascends the throne and more

Queen Elizabeth, became the queen of England, after the death of her half-sister Mary. She took to the throne of England on November 17. With this event, here are some more historical events that took place on this day over the years.

November 17

1558- Queen Elizabeth took to the throne of England

Anne Boleyn gave birth to Elizabeth on September 7, 1533. She was first child of king Henry VIII and Anne Boleyn (his second wife). Her half-sister Mary died in November. Therefore, she ascended to the throne of England on November 17, 1558. She acquired the sharpness and dedication from both her parents. She was highly-educated. Therefore, she could speak five languages fluently.

She reigned successfully for forty-five years. Above all, In the English history, her reign is most remarkable. The golden period of England. She saved England from unnecessary religious wars. Hence, she was the icon of new faith.

1967 Surveyor 6 becomes first man-made object to lift off Moon

The Surveyor 6 spacecraft achieved the first lift-off from the Moon on November 17,1967. It became the first human-made object to lift-off from a celestial body. And also, the first to land twice on the Moon. Managed by NASA, these robotic landers surveyed and studied the lunar surface. Hence, making sure the soft human landings on the surface of the Moon. It was a crew-less spacecraft. So, it just had to take pictures of the surface of the Moon. By November 24, it had almost thirty thousand pictures of the lunar surface.

1993 –  Establishment of the North American Free Trade Agreement

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On November 17,1993, The US House of Representatives passed the North American Free Trade Agreement. Although it took effect from January 1, 1994. NAFTA was signed to eliminate trade barriers between US, Mexico and Canada. Moreover, passing NAFTA meant helping North America to become more competitive in the global market. This agreement would reduce the trading cost and increase the business investment. European Economic Community inspired  the NAFTA. President  Bill Clinton signed the NAFTA bill, hence making it the law.


1873 Rival cities of Buda & Pest unite to form the capital of Hungary

Budapest, the capital of Hungary and the socio-economic centre of the country. It homes about one-fifth of the total population of the country. Settled on the banks of the river Daube, it once was known as the “Queen of Danube”. It comprises of two counties, Buda and Pest. Therefore, both of them settled on the banks of the river Daube. Moreover, a series of bridges, connect the both cities. After the World War I, first bridge to link Buda and Pest, Chain Bridge, started. The first  permanent bridge joining the two cities. Finally on November 17, 1873, both the cities united and became the capital city of Hungary.

1970 Douglas Engelbart receives the patent for the first computer mouse

November 17

The X-Y position indicator for a display system or commonly known as the mouse. Douglas Engelbart patented his device “the mouse”. Therefore, he received his US patent 3,541,541 on November 17, 1970. The first prototype was made in the year 1964. The Apple bought the device to use it with Lisa in 1983. Although it did not became very famous until 1984. As the Apple Macintosh made the device popular.




November 16: First edition of New York Post and more

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