June 13 – Pentagon Papers published and more

1866: US House of representatives passes 14th Amendment (Civil rights)

The house of representatives passed the 14th amendment by a majority of 120 votes to 32 votes. The 14th Amendment was ratified on July 7, 1866, and everyone who was born in the US or naturally a part of the country were given equal rights and freedom, including the slaves who were recently freed. 

1920: The U.S. The Post Office Department rules that children may not be sent by parcel post.

Post services began on January 1, 1913, in the United States when the post offices began accepting parcels over four pounds. The regulations on what should be mailed and what shouldn’t be were vague and with the newfound technology, people started experimenting with anything and everything under the sun. People started mailing their children owing to low cost and there were no proper regulations against it as well. Finally, this was ruled out in June 1920. 

1944: The first German V-1 buzz-bomb hits London.

The V-1 flying bomb, also known as the buzz bomb to the Allies, was a cruise missile and the only production aircraft to use pulse jets for power. The V -1 was also known as the “Vengeance weapons” series that were deployed for the bombing of London. According to Wikipedia, the weapon was in service from 1944 to 1945. 

1971: The New York Times begins publishing the Pentagon Papers.

Pentagon papers is a United States Department of Defense history of the United States’ political and military involvement in Vietnam from 1945 to 1967. It was officially titled Report of the Secretary Of Defense of Vietnam Task Force. The New York Times began publishing excerpts on June 13, 197. The first article in the series was titled “Vietnam Archive: Pentagon Study Traces Three Decades of Growing US Involvement”. 

1979: Sioux Indians are awarded $105 million in compensation for the 1877 U.S. seizure of the Black Hills in South Dakota.

The Black Hills of South Dakota is owned by the Sioux Nation of Indians. the Supreme Court of the United States ruled that the hills were illegally taken by the government, and ordered a remuneration to be given. But, the Lakota refused claiming the Hills to be returned to them as well. 

1983: Pioneer 10, already in space for 11 years, leaves the solar system.

Pioneer 10 became the first object made by humans to leave the proximity of the solar system and go past it. It crossed the orbit of Saturn in 1976 and the orbit of Uranus in 1979. Four years later, in 1983 the object crossed the orbit of Neptune, leaving the Solar System. 


2000: South Korean President Kim Dae Jung meets the leader of North Korea Kim Jong-il, for the beginning of the first-ever inter-Korea summit, in the northern capital of Pyongyang

Inter – Korean summits are the meetings between the leaders of south and north Korea. There have been 5 such meets as of now, the recent being in September 2018. Three meetings were held in Pyongyang and the other two in Panumjeom. This was a step towards reducing the lack of communication between both the countries and the consequences. 

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