July 10 – Satellite Telstar and more

Our history is a cause of celebration and reflection. It is a source of inspiration. There have been uncountable inventions, innovations, treaties, and other significant events in the past and all of them have something to teach us, to inspire us to keep going and not to stop even if we fail. Start your day with a positive thought. Do something great today and we might publish it in our Daily Column in the years to come.  Let us read the historical milestones of July 10:

1679: The British crown claims New Hampshire as a royal colony.

In 1679, King Charles II issued a Charter establishing the province of New Hampshire,  with John Cutt as its first president. This was a result of the general lack of government in the province and the province sought protection from the Massachusetts Bay Colony.

1776: The statue of King George III is pulled down in New York City.

This was a result of the hearing of the Declaration of Independence publicly on July 9. It was pulled down by the”Sons Of Freedom”, a mix of George Washington’s soldiers and civilians. It was a sign of destroying the arbitrary monarchy and showing that now it’s something new.

1850: Millard Fillmore is sworn in as the 13th president of the United States following the death of Zachary Taylor.

Millard Fillmore was the last member of the Whig Party while serving in the White House.  He was elected as the nation’s 12th vice president in 1848 before becoming the president of the state. He was an important part of passing the Compromise of 1850, that was against slavery.

1890: Wyoming becomes the 44th state.

The bills for Wyoming statehood were introduced in both the U. S Senate and House in December of 1889. The bill was passed by the house on March 27, 1890. Thus, the then-president Benjamin Harrison signed Wyoming’s statehood bill.  The territory consisted of 13 counties at the time when it was admitted into the United States.

1893: Dr. Daniel Hale Williams performs the first successful open-heart surgery, without the benefit of penicillin or blood transfusion.

The nation’s very first open heart surgery was done at the Provident Hospital in 1983. It was done without X-Rays, antibiotics, or any kind of tools of modern-day surgeries. It was performed by Dr.  Daniel Hale Williams, an American surgeon. His patient survived for the next 20 years.

1962: The satellite Telstar is launched from Cape Canaveral, Florida, becoming live television from Europe to the United States.

Telstar 1 was a communications satellite launched by NASA.  It was the satellite that was responsible for enabling live television across Europe and the United States. The satellite lifespan lasted around only 7 months, this is considered as really low compared to the present-day artificial satellites. The launch mass is 171 kilograms. It was launched on top of a rocket named Thor-Delta.

1991: Boris Yeltsin is sworn in as the first elected president of the Russian Federation, following the breakup of the USSR.

Boris Yeltsin was the first elected president of Russia. He served as the president from 1961 to 1999. He was a very controversial figure, yet was seen as a special. Also,  he was responsible for the liberalization of foreign trade, prices, and currency. 

1993: Kenyan runner Yobes Ondieki becomes the first man to run 10,000 meters in less than 27 minutes.

Yobes Ondieki is a former athlete who was an expert in long-distance running. He won the world championship’s gold medal in Tokyo 1991. He was the first person to break 27:00 in the 10,000 m in 1993. He has achieved Big Eight conference titles, three of them in cross country. He was popular for demanding sessions and his ability to run constantly at a high pace.

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